Official opening of the Forum of innovative technologies InfoSpace was held on March 26, 2014. The moderator of the plenary session by the Chairman of the Board of the development Fund of innovative entrepreneurship Popova Ekaterina Vitalievna. She outlined the changes currently underway in the field of science at the legislative level: changes in the Law "On science and state scientific and technical policy", the reform of the RAS, the draft law on industrial policy, the development and testing of the mechanisms of public-private partnership (PPP)
Salikhov Sergey Vladimirovich, Director of Department of science and technology of Ministry of education and science of the Russian Federation, devoted his report to the state regulation of the sector of science and research. One of the main factors in the development of this sector, he called the necessity of active interaction of Russian science and business, including the increase of competition-based financing: "it is Now an average of 30% of the volume of state support of sector of research and development have on the competitive part." Among the tools available today for financing of scientific research, the speaker noted the following: Federal Targeted Programme of the Ministry of education and science "Research and development in priority areas 2014 to 2020", Russian scientific Foundation that supports long-term scientific projects, a number of funds of support of scientific, scientific-technical and innovation activities. The speaker stopped his attention on the question of personnel training, as well as a new system of performance evaluation of research organizations. "Evaluation of scientific organizations will be carried out every five years. And now it will be interdepartmental in nature." Speaking about the reform of the Russian Academy of Sciences, as an important stage S. V. Salikhov identified legislative recognition of the role of the RAS in addressing issues of public science policy.
The head of delegation of European Union to Russia Vygaudas Usackas expressed his belief that "despite the existing differences, in particular on the issue of Ukraine, cooperation between the EU and Russia, especially in the field of science, higher education and innovation, successfully developed for many years." "This type of cooperation remains one of the important elements of the overall EU-Russia relations as a whole", - said the speaker, noting that all the relevant questions now for Russia, "are at the top of the agenda for most countries and regions of the world." "At EU level the main tool designed to promote innovation, - said the Ambassador, is the new the EU framework programme for research and innovation "Horizon 2020", the budget of which is 80 billion euros."
Development of pilot innovative territorial clusters considers important area of cooperation between business and research organizations Shadrin Artem Evgenievich, Director of the Department of innovative development Ministry of economic development of the Russian Federation. He spoke about the competition conducted among clusters in 2012. Funding for the contest received 25 pilot clusters. The undoubted advantage of creating such clusters is the development of international partnerships: "it is Difficult to ensure the partnership of hundreds of organizations, for example, Russia and Europe. And when they are United in clusters in the framework of the conclusion and implementation of agreements, can provide significant impetus to this kind of long-term partnerships". The expert came to the conclusion that clusters are "the most interesting object of economic development as a whole", because "ensuring economic growth, they ask the demand for housing, and hence on the utility grid, and consequently on the construction of transport infrastructure", - explained his idea A. E. Shadrin.
Glazyev Sergey Yurievich, Advisor to the President of the Russian Federation, stated that "innovative technology is the Foundation of modern economic development, where technological progress plays a role of the main factor of modern economic growth." However, unfortunately the speaker, "we still have the share of innovation active enterprises are very small" and is only 10%. The reason for this low level of S. Glazyev sees in the "lack of mechanism of implementation of innovations, the lack of explanation for the rise of innovative activity and the adverse macroeconomic climate." In this case for making an economic breakthrough, according to the speaker, "you need to focus on increasing savings to about 35% of GDP, better even more" - bar for the modern Russian economy, existing in conditions of offshorization, yet unattainable. Thus, according to the Adviser of the President, the main course of economic development should become the policy of de-offshorization. Among the proposals, also made by the speaker: to impose a 40% surtax on the super-rich citizens; to exclude from taxable income all costs associated with the development of new technology, training, financing research, including through outsourcing.
Perminov Anatoly Nikolaevich, Deputy Director General, Deputy designer General JSC "Russian space systems", presented to the participants the joint project - the international aerospace system of global monitoring (Russia-Belarus-Ukraine-Kazakhstan). According to the expert, the system is designed to solve three popular problems: short-term forecasting of strong earthquakes, warning about the threats of occurrence of natural fires and floods, as well as operational status monitoring of critically important objects and dangerous goods transport.
Zolotykh Natalia Ivanovna, Vice-President of all-Russian public organization of small and medium entrepreneurship "OPORA RUSSIA", said the Forum InfoSpace "unique platform where you have the opportunity to discuss and look at the problems of innovative development of the eyes of all stakeholders – entrepreneurs, science sector and government agencies". A major obstacle to the development of innovative activities, the expert believes the minor number of small and medium-sized companies that are involved in this process. Barriers to the development of such companies, according to the speaker, are the lack of experience on the effective use of business management tools, a lack of motivation among large businesses to participate in start-up companies, lack of seed and startup financing of innovative companies, the lack of recurrent government funding. As solutions to the mentioned problems.And. Gold proposes to develop mechanisms of state support for innovative start-up companies; to increase the availability of the infrastructure, creating regional venture capital funds, business incubators and industrial parks; to support the innovation activity of private enterprises and encourage them to invest in research and development, creation of start-up companies.
On the concept of national innovation system stopped Kashirin Aleksandr Ivanovich, Managing Director of strategy - Head of Department of the State Corporation "Russian technologies", noting the existing in this system imbalances. Innovative development first and foremost, "the growth of the innovation component of GDP", which should contribute to "the creation of favorable conditions for the formation and dynamic development of the subjects and objects of the innovation sphere",- said the speaker. In conclusion, the speaker identified as the most important conditions of innovative development of the problem of formation of innovative thinking.
Head of innovation development Center JSC "RZD"Korchagin Alexander Dmitrievich has focused on the example of successful innovative development of JSC "RZD", an important role was played srednesrochnoi and strategic planning. One of the unique developments already implemented by the company – the creation of a freight transport on the magnetic suspension, while the "whole magnetic levitation today is passenger transport". Citing some examples of successful cooperation of his organization with the equally well-known corporations, A. D. Korchagin invited all stakeholders to dialogue: "Open innovation in the Railways has always been. We are open to all."
Masato Nakamura, Deputy General Director of LLC "Panasonic Rus", told about the innovative technologies used at the site of the Winter Olympic games "Sochi – 2014".
Kurochkin Dmitry Kozak, the Vice-President Trading-industrial chamber of the Russian Federation, made a report "the Role of chambers of Commerce and industry in the modernization of the Russian economy", identifying a number of concrete steps taken to resolve the problem of relations between large, medium and small businesses in terms of transition to innovative model of development. Among them: preparation of a draft law on PPP, some changes in the pricing policy (particularly the freezing of tariffs of natural monopolies). In the nearest plans of the chamber of Commerce to ensure that by 2018, the share of small and medium enterprises in the state order was increased to 25% (today this figure is around 15%).
Director of the Russian Fund of technological rassicurati Mikhail Borisovich made a proposal to create a unified resource long-term debt interest-free (or low interest) financing of research and development work.
Of particular interest and excitement among the Forum participants from among representatives of business called "the Territory of business development". She was presented with expositions of key participants and partners of the Forum, as well as professionally organized contact area and business meetings B2B and B2G. Held more than 170 business meetings and talks held substantive and productive, as were.
Official opening of the Forum of innovative technologies InfoSpace was held on March 26, 2014. The moderator of the plenary session by the Chairman of the Foundation Council...
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